How can I tell if I am an independent contractor?
The key factor used to determine whether a California worker is an independent contractor or an employee is the degree of control the hiring entity exercises. The more control a boss has over the manner and means by which you perform your work, the more likely it is that an employment relationship exists and that you are an employee.
California uses the “ABC test” to determine whether a worker is an independent contractor or an employee for wage and hour purposes. Generally, you should be classified as an employee unless your employer can show that you meet the test’s three conditions:
- You are free from the hiring entity’s control and direction when performing your work.
- You provide services or work outside the regular scope of the hiring entity’s business.
- You carry out work that is customarily provided through an independently established trade or business of the same nature as the work performed.
If an employer cannot show that you meet all three of the above requirements, you are an employee even if the hiring entity calls you an independent contractor. Independent contractors typically have the freedom to work on a freelance basis and take on projects for multiple clients at the same time. They can often decide where, when and how they carry out their tasks.
Employees work for a company, person or government body. When an employment relationship exists, the employer has control over the employee’s hours, wages and working conditions.
The distinction between independent contractors and employees is important as it affects so many aspects of your work. Misclassification can have serious consequences for workers. Misclassified workers are often underpaid and denied the protections of California’s labor laws.
Employees have significant labor rights that independent contractors do not. They may be entitled to minimum wage, overtime pay, meal breaks and rest periods, and unemployment insurance.
Determining what type of worker you are can be tricky. If you suspect you have been misclassified, you should reach out to an experienced employment lawyer.
The San Francisco employment attorneys at McCormack Law Firm can help you determine whether you are an independent contractor or an employee. If you were misclassified, your employer may owe you compensation for unpaid wages. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you recover the damages resulting from the misclassification.
Other Wage, Overtime & Commissions Theft FAQs:
- Am I entitled to meal breaks and rest breaks if I am working remotely?
- Are computer programmers and tech workers exempt from overtime?
- Can an employer disclose my immigration status if I file a claim for unpaid wages?
- Can I get fired for claiming overtime pay?
- Can my employer change my commission plan or withhold commissions?
- Can my employer fire me for filing a wage claim?
- Can salaried workers earn overtime in California?
- Do I still get overtime if I am a commissioned salesperson?
- Does my employer have to pay me for off-the-clock work?
- Does my employer have to reimburse me for work expenses?
- How can a lawyer help with my claim for unpaid wages?
- How can I protect myself from wage theft?
- How can I tell if I am an independent contractor?
- How do I file a claim for unpaid wages?
- How do I know if I am entitled to overtime pay?
- How do I know if my employer needs to pay me overtime?
- How is overtime pay calculated in California?
- How much time do I have to file a wage claim in California?
- How much time do I have to file an overtime claim?
- If I receive a salary, am I exempt from overtime?
- If my employment is terminated, is my employer still required to pay me my commissions?
- Is my employer allowed to deduct anything from my paycheck?
- Is my employer allowed to deduct tips from my paycheck?
- Is my employer allowed to withhold my final wages after firing me?
- Is my employer required to pay for my meal break and rest breaks?
- My employer is forcing me to work through meal breaks. What should I do?
- What are some examples of wage theft?
- What are the main differences between an independent contractor and an employee?
- What is an exempt and non-exempt employee?
- What is the minimum wage in California?
- What should I do if I suspect my employer is withholding wages?
- What should I do if my boss asks me to work off the clock?
- What types of damages can I get in a wage claim against my employer?